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Profile Shifted Gears

Related Links : 变位齿轮 - 中文版

1-6 Profile Shifted Gears

When the number of gear teeth to be cut becomes small, the generating tool will sweep out its path, removing some of the profile, and producing an undercut tooth form. To prevent undercut, some correction must be introduced, and it is called profile shifting. Profile shifting can not only prevent undercut, but also can adjust center distance between two gears.

Left : example of undercut gear
Right : example of gear without undercut

An example of profile shifting is given here.
m=3, z1=10, z2=60, α=20º
The positive correction of 0.5 is to be made on 10-toothed gear (z1=10, x1=+0.5)
The calculations to be made are :

1. Determine working pressure angle α’
2. Find center distance modification coefficient, y
3. Determine center distance a
4. Find tip diameter da

There is both positive and negative shifting. There will be change in tooth thickness; In the case of positive shifting (+), tooth thickness will become thicker, while in the case of negative shifting (-), it will become thinner.
The tooth depth will not change.

Left : Negative shifting (tooth thickness is thinner)
Right : Positive shifting (tooth thickness is thicker)

Important gear terminology :

• Standard gear
• Shifted gear
• Amount of shift
• Reference circle
• Tooth depth

This figure shows a gear that is negative shifted and a pinion that is positive shifted, and the absolute value of profile shift is identical.
Attention is to be paid that there is no change in center distance.
If there is a condition that center distance is invariable and the pinion tooth has undercut, profile shifting will solve the problem as illustrated here.

Important gear terminology :

• Negative shift
• Positive shift
• Center distance

The meshing of standard spur gears means reference circles of two gears contact and roll with each other.
The same of the profile shifted spur gears means working pitch circles of two gears contact and roll with each other.
The pressure angle at the working pitch circle is called working pressure angle.
And this is different from standard pressure angle.
In designing profile shifted gears this working pressure angle will be an important factor.

Reference circle and Working pitch circle

Features :

1. Prevents undercutting when the number of teeth is small